Mozambique is a country located in southeast Africa bordering Malawi, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The country takes its name from an offshore island of the same name which was apparently named after Mussa al-Bik, an influential Arab slave trader who set himself up as sultan on the island in the 15th century.
The Island is the country’s sole UNESCO World Heritage Site located just 4km off the mainland, the site is known for its 16th century architectural and historical significance. Its Chapel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte, built in 1522, is believed to be the oldest European building in the southern hemisphere. Mozambique is also the only one-word country that includes all five vowels in its name.